Description. Pineapple – flowering, attractive and often fruiting indoors, herbaceous, evergreen. The apartments are best grown pineapple krupnohoholkovy and variegated forms. Pineapple fruits are exceptionally high taste and unique aroma.
They contain 13 – 15% sugars, mainly sucrose, 40 mg% of vitamin C and other vitamins and organic acids.
The leaves of the pineapple sessile, linear-ensiform, collected in the rosette, gray-green color. There are variegated forms with yellow or white stripes. Their length is 100 cm, width 2 to 3 cm under optimal conditions in the apartment or conservatory in the second – the third year there stems a 40 – 50 cm, with 150 – 200 very small flowers. Ripening fruit comes in the same year, approximately from May to August. Flowering lasts about 2 weeks. The fruit matures in 5-7 months. The main indicator of maturity – a strong sweet smell, and sufficient weight of the fruit. At home, pineapples can grow up to 1.5 kg. At the top of the stems (fetus) is rosette of leaves that can be used for rooting.
All bromeliads are of great practical importance. They not only vysokodekorativny, but also widely used for business purposes. Thus, in recent years in the tropical countries of the world were collected 11 – 12 million tons of fruit pineapple. Several species of plants bromeliads make clothes, fishing equipment, building materials, drugs needed in medicine.
Homeland. Motherland – Central and South America.
Location. Pineapple – photophilous plant, so it should be placed in a bright, sunny, warm room. Bright light, preferably with the southern and south-western windows. Sun protection is not required. In the sun picture becomes clearer. Daylight to grow pineapple should be at least 12 hours. Therefore, in the winter, with a lack of light pineapple should illuminate the fluorescent lamp.
Temperature. Pineapple does not tolerate temperatures below 15 0C. In the winter it should be kept in a bright room with a temperature of 18 – 20 0C.
Substrate. You can cook the substrate sheet, turf, humus soil and sand (2:2:2:1). Good drainage.
Humidity. For normal vegetation in areas requiring high humidity, pot with a plant in July and August, put on a tray with gravel and water.
Watering. During the growth and development (April – September) recommended abundant watering with water that does not contain lime. In the same period, Feed the plant twice a month universal fertilizer “Flower” or liquid fertilizer “Rainbow”. The land between waterings should be slightly dry out.
Transplant. Transplanted in the summer: the first time in the second year in a pot with a diameter 9 – 10 cm in the third year of life spend handling the pot diameter 10 – 20 cm for transplantation using a method handler. Spend it very carefully, trying not to destroy the earth coma. As a substrate, use slightly acidic soils is a universal “Begonia” or “Saintpaulia”.
Reproduction. The crown or basal suckers, which are formed after the death of the mother plant. Rarer seeds (very slow growing).
Pineapple can be grown from crest cut from purchased in a store or market. If you buy a pineapple specifically for planting, be sure to pay attention to the fruit itself, and on the crest. First of all, the pineapple and it should not be a cop podmorozheny. Most often, winter pineapple already been out in the cold. A suitable for breeding pineapples bought in the summer or early fall. Tuft of pineapple should be intact, and the interior leaves should be green and lush.
When he came home with the purchase can proceed to the remaining steps.
The top of the pineapple is cut together with the yellow part of the fruit of a thickness of 1.5 cm 3-4 rows of the lower leaves should be removed to free the stump.
Topknot cut sideways to put on a plate or hang vertically and leave for two to three weeks dry. The cut in that time will heal, but in the zone of root at the maximum amount of nutrients. If the urine is not to wait, you can handle the cut with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then sprinkle the charcoal or ashes, and then dried for 6-8 hours.
Preparing a mixture of ground-sheet, turf, humus soil and sand (2:2:2:1). Or use as a substrate ready slightly acidic soils is a universal “Begonia” or “Saintpaulia”. Good drainage is required.
Capacity for pineapple chosen small, slightly larger than the crest, because the root system is not well developed pineapple.
In the center of the pot recess about 2 cm, pour a small amount there charcoal for decontamination and prevent fungal diseases in the region outlet. Pappus put in a hole on the sides a little dripped ground. Put a cap on top of a plastic bottle, regularly aired.
Put the pot in a warm, bright place, with no direct sunlight. The optimum temperature for rooting 25-27 degrees. If you are planting in the cold season, it is important that the plant bottom heating. Rooting occurs in 1.5-2 months. At this indicate the emergence of new leaves.
At the base of the adult plant often appear side slips – “kids.” Such children can be up to 20. They too can plant out in the same way as the crest.
Pests and diseases. Most often, the pineapple (and all bromeliads) suffer from comb, palm, black and bromeliads scale insects, bristly, and root mealy bug infestations and red spider mite.
Special requirements. Useful for pineapple to in the axils of the lower leaves was water. More pineapple roots absorb it well.
Species. Pineapple krupnohoholkovy motley – Ananas comosus variegatus.
The most common form of decorative garden Variegatus with striped leaves. Cream longitudinal stripes in the sun turn pink. This variegated form of edible Pineapple used for landscaping interiors of apartments, offices, terraces and balconies.
Advice. To stimulate flowering, put the pot in a large plastic bag. To the same place 3.4 ripe apple or tomato. They emit ethylene, which promotes flowering.