Blechnum

Description. Kustoobrazny palmovidnoy with fern foliage, sometimes with a squat naked tree trunk. Also called derbyankoy. In nature it is large, like a palm tree, a plant with vayami reaching 1 m in length. Vai his pinnatisect deeply cut by about 60-80 cm long, light green in color. Sporangia on the underside of the sheet to the edge of the segments. Color does not happen.

Homeland. New Caledonia, South America.

Sizes. Even if the required indoor use mature plants form a lignified stem m high, leaves up to 60-80 cm

Location. The plant is afraid of bright sunlight, so it must have a distance of 1 m from the window overlooking the south-east, you can put in a bright bathroom or in the kitchen near the sink.

Temperature. Summer blehnum contain at ordinary temperatures, winter about 18-20 ° C, at least 16 ° C.

Substrate. The soil should be slightly acidic reaction. Soil – 2 pieces of leaf, 1 part peat, 1 part humus earth and 1 part sand.

Humidity. More than 60%. Spray the plant is not recommended, it is necessary to achieve high levels of humidity in other ways. You can place potted plants on trays of wet clay pellets. Battery winter hang damp cloth.

Watering. Abundant uniform watering in summer, the land in any case should not dry. Winter watering is moderate. For irrigation water use have defended a lime room temperature.

Transplant. Transplanted every two years in March, in a light substrate containing peat.

Reproduction. Propagated by dividing the mature plant or plating mature spores in mini teplichke with bottom heating (250C) in the sand and peat, but this method is very difficult for beginner gardeners.

Special requirements. At a temperature of 160 ° C or a little blehnum growing.
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Acorus gramineus


Description. Zlakovidnoe plant hardy, bog. Leaves are narrow, leathery, up to 40 cm, green or striped, form fan-shaped beams. Flowers – spike inflorescence 5-10 cm long, in the home does not bloom.

Homeland. Japan.

Razmery.40 cm high, 20 cm wide.

Location. In the shade or in the sun.

Temperature. The optimum temperature is 15 0C in winter should not fall below 0 0C.

Substrate. 2/3 peat and 1/3 garden soil.

Humidity. Maximum. Place the pot in a saucer full of water, or plant species in the aquarium.

Watering. The bottom of the pot to sit in water. In cold weather, reduce watering to a minimum, but the earth com should not dry out.

Transplant. Every 2-3 years, when the roots become crowded in the pot.

Reproduction. Fall or spring by dividing rhizomes.

Special requirements. The life of the plant is not restricted, if you divide the plant every 2-3 years and keep it in a cool place. From May to September, 1 time per month are fed with liquid fertilizer rich in nitrogen. Do not allow the soil depletion otherwise leaves stop growing. Brown leaf tips indicate that the air is too dry.

Pests and diseases. No.

Species. Acorus calamus.

Advice. Keep calamus outdoors from May to October, so it will grow better.
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Ananas


Description. Pineapple – flowering, attractive and often fruiting indoors, herbaceous, evergreen. The apartments are best grown pineapple krupnohoholkovy and variegated forms. Pineapple fruits are exceptionally high taste and unique aroma.
They contain 13 – 15% sugars, mainly sucrose, 40 mg% of vitamin C and other vitamins and organic acids.

The leaves of the pineapple sessile, linear-ensiform, collected in the rosette, gray-green color. There are variegated forms with yellow or white stripes. Their length is 100 cm, width 2 to 3 cm under optimal conditions in the apartment or conservatory in the second – the third year there stems a 40 – 50 cm, with 150 – 200 very small flowers. Ripening fruit comes in the same year, approximately from May to August. Flowering lasts about 2 weeks. The fruit matures in 5-7 months. The main indicator of maturity – a strong sweet smell, and sufficient weight of the fruit. At home, pineapples can grow up to 1.5 kg. At the top of the stems (fetus) is rosette of leaves that can be used for rooting.

All bromeliads are of great practical importance. They not only vysokodekorativny, but also widely used for business purposes. Thus, in recent years in the tropical countries of the world were collected 11 – 12 million tons of fruit pineapple. Several species of plants bromeliads make clothes, fishing equipment, building materials, drugs needed in medicine.

Homeland. Motherland – Central and South America.

Location. Pineapple – photophilous plant, so it should be placed in a bright, sunny, warm room. Bright light, preferably with the southern and south-western windows. Sun protection is not required. In the sun picture becomes clearer. Daylight to grow pineapple should be at least 12 hours. Therefore, in the winter, with a lack of light pineapple should illuminate the fluorescent lamp.

Temperature. Pineapple does not tolerate temperatures below 15 0C. In the winter it should be kept in a bright room with a temperature of 18 – 20 0C.

Substrate. You can cook the substrate sheet, turf, humus soil and sand (2:2:2:1). Good drainage.

Humidity. For normal vegetation in areas requiring high humidity, pot with a plant in July and August, put on a tray with gravel and water.

Watering. During the growth and development (April – September) recommended abundant watering with water that does not contain lime. In the same period, Feed the plant twice a month universal fertilizer “Flower” or liquid fertilizer “Rainbow”. The land between waterings should be slightly dry out.

Transplant. Transplanted in the summer: the first time in the second year in a pot with a diameter 9 – 10 cm in the third year of life spend handling the pot diameter 10 – 20 cm for transplantation using a method handler. Spend it very carefully, trying not to destroy the earth coma. As a substrate, use slightly acidic soils is a universal “Begonia” or “Saintpaulia”.

Reproduction. The crown or basal suckers, which are formed after the death of the mother plant. Rarer seeds (very slow growing).

Pineapple can be grown from crest cut from purchased in a store or market. If you buy a pineapple specifically for planting, be sure to pay attention to the fruit itself, and on the crest. First of all, the pineapple and it should not be a cop podmorozheny. Most often, winter pineapple already been out in the cold. A suitable for breeding pineapples bought in the summer or early fall. Tuft of pineapple should be intact, and the interior leaves should be green and lush.

When he came home with the purchase can proceed to the remaining steps.

The top of the pineapple is cut together with the yellow part of the fruit of a thickness of 1.5 cm 3-4 rows of the lower leaves should be removed to free the stump.
Topknot cut sideways to put on a plate or hang vertically and leave for two to three weeks dry. The cut in that time will heal, but in the zone of root at the maximum amount of nutrients. If the urine is not to wait, you can handle the cut with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then sprinkle the charcoal or ashes, and then dried for 6-8 hours.
Preparing a mixture of ground-sheet, turf, humus soil and sand (2:2:2:1). Or use as a substrate ready slightly acidic soils is a universal “Begonia” or “Saintpaulia”. Good drainage is required.
Capacity for pineapple chosen small, slightly larger than the crest, because the root system is not well developed pineapple.
In the center of the pot recess about 2 cm, pour a small amount there charcoal for decontamination and prevent fungal diseases in the region outlet. Pappus put in a hole on the sides a little dripped ground. Put a cap on top of a plastic bottle, regularly aired.
Put the pot in a warm, bright place, with no direct sunlight. The optimum temperature for rooting 25-27 degrees. If you are planting in the cold season, it is important that the plant bottom heating. Rooting occurs in 1.5-2 months. At this indicate the emergence of new leaves.

At the base of the adult plant often appear side slips – “kids.” Such children can be up to 20. They too can plant out in the same way as the crest.

Pests and diseases. Most often, the pineapple (and all bromeliads) suffer from comb, palm, black and bromeliads scale insects, bristly, and root mealy bug infestations and red spider mite.

Special requirements. Useful for pineapple to in the axils of the lower leaves was water. More pineapple roots absorb it well.

Species. Pineapple krupnohoholkovy motley – Ananas comosus variegatus.

The most common form of decorative garden Variegatus with striped leaves. Cream longitudinal stripes in the sun turn pink. This variegated form of edible Pineapple used for landscaping interiors of apartments, offices, terraces and balconies.

Advice. To stimulate flowering, put the pot in a large plastic bag. To the same place 3.4 ripe apple or tomato. They emit ethylene, which promotes flowering.
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Persea


Description. In nature, these trees up to 20 m tall with long leaves, elliptic-lanceolate, oval, entire, top glossy, dark green, glaucous below on long (10 cm) petioles. Flowers in panicles. Fruit – a large up to 20 cm long, dark green, brown, red (pulp fleshy, oily, creamy-yellow, aromatic).

Homeland. North and South America.

Sizes. At room conditions grows only up to 1 m

Location. In a fairly bright room, but avoid direct sunlight.

Temperature. The minimum temperature is about 100 ° C, and in the period of growth of about 200C.

Substrate. The substrate is made from turf ground, humus and sand (2:1:1).

Humidity. It prefers high humidity, so you should spray the leaves often especially in the heating season and put the pot on a tray with wet pebbles, expanded clay or wet moss.

Watering. Abundant in the summer, the land in any case should not dry. Winter watering is moderate.

Transplant. Transplanted annually in the spring from March to May, adult plants in two years, adding to the substrate sand and expanded clay.

Reproduction. Avocados are hard to buy a plant in flower shops. So you can grow it yourself from seed. For planting should be taken only fresh seeds. Capacity for planting seeds fill substrate, consisting of equal amounts of leaf soil, peat and sand. Seed is placed into the bedding. With this method, it is important to bury it in the ground only a third. Top cover with a glass cover or clear plastic bag. Place in a bright place (no direct sunlight). Maintain a constant temperature of not lower than 21 ° C, periodically moisten the substrate and ventilated.

Avocado seed can germinate and attach it with sticks or toothpicks on the glass so that its blunt end of which there will be roots, lightly touches the surface of the water. And then, after a month and a half stone will crack, and the light will be a little sprout. When shoots clear glass and place the avocado in a light place, but not in direct sunlight.

Wait until the seedlings grow stronger avocado, sprouts will appear on two or three pages, only then they can swoop down into individual pots. Avocados are not propagated by cuttings, because they do not take root.

Special requirements. Spring recommended pinching young avocado plants to enhance tillering.

Pests and diseases. Avocados can be damaged spider mites, scales. Inspect the plant for the detection of these pests.

Advice. To prevent browning leaves and their subsequent loss in the heating season should frequent spraying with water at room temperature.
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Cyclamen


The leaves are up to 15cm cyclamen, heart-shaped, dark green, with a thin silver or white pattern, on fleshy stalks. Cyclamen blooms from November to March, on long stalks, beautiful flowers with elegantly curved petals, pink, red, white or two-tone. Until recently, only professionals can grow beautiful cyclamen, but the situation has changed as soon as there were hybrids F1, which can be purchased in stores or as a pot plant in the form of seeds.

For example, the Persian cyclamen hybrids – is exceptionally richly ornamental flowering plants. With the advent of hybridization cyclamen are no longer seasonal plants, some of them are now in bloom all year round. Many species of cyclamen are used as garden plants.

By the nature of the life cycle of cyclamen – ephemeroides. This means that they are displayed on the surface of the earth for a short time, for 3-4 months, and the rest of his time in retirement in the form of the tuber, sleeping under the ground, while the other of the flora grow and bloom. If we consider the genus Cyclamen in general, the period of activity cyclamen falls on the cold part of the year – from fall to spring. In areas with snow-free winters, many of them bloom in January and February, and where there is snow, cyclamen are divided into spring-flowering (March-April) and autumn-flowering (August-October).

If you buy a cyclamen tubers, pay attention to how much he weighs. The tuber should be heavy and wrinkled. Look, do tuber buds. They are located at the top and a little like sprouts begonias. The flowering potted cyclamen depends on conditions (watering, light, temperature), but in general, it is necessary for the cold season – from autumn to spring. Although European cyclamen can bloom in summer.

All cyclamen are poisonous, but the poison acts differently in animals. For example, pigs gladly eat tubers without any harm to himself, and for this plant cyclamen received another rude popular name “swine bread.” Caucasian cyclamen species are used for the manufacture of homeopathic medicines and traditional medicine. The juice of the root of cyclamen used for the treatment of sinusitis.

Cyclamen is good for people, malleable to others’ influence, spineless, with swings of emotion. It helps to overcome shyness, elevates mood, helps to adapt to new surroundings. And the way he acts on the naughty children! As a sedative drug-free!

Cyclamen and stimulates the imagination. In children, this is manifested in the fact that they begin to build themselves houses, chair into a car, and grandfather hat – the helmet of a space suit. In adults, the other games – someone comes up with a clever move for the completion of complex negotiations, someone – how to improve and beautify the house.
Homeland cyclamen.
Species of the genus Tsiklamenovyh – a perennial herb, common in the Mediterranean, from Spain in the west to Iran in the east, as well as in the North-East Africa, including Somalia.
Dimensions cyclamen.
From 8 to 13 cm in height and width – miniature views. There are large cyclamen grows to 30 cm in height and width, some forms grow to 23 cm, and both can have as many as 30 flowers.
Location cyclamen.
Direct sunlight only during the winter, in the rest of the year just to keep cyclamen sunny spot.
The growth temperature of cyclamen.
Cyclamen feels good in a moderately heated rooms, in such circumstances, the luxurious flowers will delight you for weeks. Cyclamen requires a cool room with a temperature of 12-150C. Suitable place could be a bedroom or living room, perfect well-lit terrace. In a dry, warm place where drafts, cyclamen can be lost.
Substrate for cyclamen.
Leaf humus, sandy soil (for example, a substrate for cacti) and peat in equal parts ideal for cyclamen.

Humidity. At temperatures below 15 0C cyclamen sufficient to put humidity. Do not spray.
Watering cyclamen.
Cyclamen watered very carefully, the water should be only in the pan, which is pre-filled with a layer of gravel. Humidification is performed using thick lace, which fell through the drain hole is inserted into the ground with the plant, while the other end is in a pan with water and pebbles. It is important that cyclamen was not in the water. Never be watered from the top cyclamen, getting straight to the tuber, the lower part of the stem in this case can otgnit. From October to April, cyclamen should be regularly fed, during the period of rest should not fertilize the plant, but the plant from time to time be watered.
Transplant cyclamen.
In mid-summer, after the beginning of growth, repot the tuber rested cyclamen, deepening into the soil halfway. At each transplant cyclamen use pot of the same size, so it will be better to bloom if the pot a bit cramped.
Reproduction cyclamen.
Propagated by seeds and cyclamen subsidiaries nodules. While in September cyclamen tubers formed child can transplant it, bury in the ground by two thirds. After planting, water the first time rare. In late autumn, when the leaves are fully opened and seemed flowers, you can start to feed cyclamen phosphate fertilizers.

The earlier sow cyclamen, the stronger will be the first season of the plant to bloom. Most varieties grow to about 18 months before flowering for miniature cyclamen this period half as long. For seed germination requires a temperature of about 21 0 C – the highest that has ever been required cyclamen. More about breeding cyclamen seeds:
Special requirements for cyclamen.
Must be removed from the withered leaves and cyclamen flowers finish blooming. But neither the leaves nor flowers may not be cut. Making short rotational movements, they gently pulled.

After the death of the leaves dry with a little plant and store in a cool place until the new growth as cyclamen need a period of complete rest after flowering to rejuvenate the tuber.
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Aeschynanthus


Description. This plant-epiphyte, Columna related and similar to it. Perennial evergreen plant, sometimes climbing, with drooping stems. Looks great in a hanging basket because of its spreading, but the ordinary flower pots are not too suitable for him.

In nature, plants are woody stems up the mossy tree branches and roots penetrate into any suitable substrate. Eskhinantusa fleshy leaves, pale-green, oval, up to 10 cm and a width of 5 cm stems can reach a length of 60-90 cm during the spring and summer at their ends appear flowers gathered bunches of 6-20 pieces. Long blood-red flowers with yellow throat act of dark purple cups, creating a mouthwatering effect. Genus name was given for the original and the unusual shape of the flower, from the Greek aeschyneia – distorted, and anthos – flower.

Homeland. Motherland – the tropical rain forest, where it thrives in wet conditions. Malaysia, Fr. Borneo, about. Java.

Sizes. 30 to 90 cm in length.

Location. Bright ambient light.

Temperature. The minimum temperature is about 150 C, and in the period of growth of about 210S.

Substrate. Bark humus, heath land, lying peat and perlite in equal parts.

Humidity. It prefers high humidity, so you should spray the leaves often have defended the soft water.

Watering. Abundant in the summer, the land in any case should not dry, but you can not fill. Mild winter watering as necessary.

Transplant. Transplanted annually in the spring from March to May, adult plants in two years.

Reproduction. Terminal cuttings in a mini-teplichke, without air, with a bottom heated with plant hormones. Eskhinantus grown from cuttings usually bloom in the first year.

Special requirements. To avoid falling off buds do not move the pot during flowering. Eskhinantus refers to those plants that over the years izrastayutsya: shoot longer, and the leaves at the base gradually overfly. In this case the plant rejuvenate – cut and perpetuate apical cuttings.

Pests and diseases. Pests and diseases is rarely bother this plant, but it may become affected by aphids. Rather, it can suffer from too much dry air or excessive watering in winter. In this case, the lower leaves turn yellow and die. Plant drops buds and flowers.
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Aeonium


Description. Eoniumy – perennial kustarnikovidnye or shallow, almost stemless herbaceous plants from 30 cm to 1 m in height. The leaves are succulent, obovate or spatulate, in most species at the edges with a cartilaginous cilia, gathered at the end of the branches in a rosette. Inflorescence terminal, often quite powerful (up to 1 m in height and A. virgineum A. urbicum). Perianth 6-membered, petals yellow, whitish or pink stamens in 2 times. Some species – monocarpic and die after flowering (A. nobile, A. glandulosum, A. tabulaeforme). The genus name comes from Greek.

aionios – long, eternal. About 40 species, not including natural hybrid forms, are endemic to the Canary Islands and Madeira. At home bloom lasts for two months. Grown, most succulent plants. but the soil mixture is desirable to add a little peat or humus.

Homeland. Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Sicily, Sardinia.

Sizes. To 1 m

Location. Eoniumu requiring maximum sun all year round. Inadequate lighting contributes to the formation of loose sockets, and premature leaf fall.

Temperature. Minimum temperature in winter for eoniuma about 10 “C., in the rest of the time up to 24″ C.

Substrate. Substrate eoniuma prepared as follows: the two parts of compost-based soil and one part coarse sand or perlite.

Humidity. Eoniumy resistant to air dry.

Watering. During the growth substrate keep wet for the rest of the time – a little dried out, but with dry leaves and excess eoniuma will shrink. During the period of every two weeks there is a weak fertilizer solution of liquid fertilizer. Provide eoniumu quiet in the winter. Over-watering causes the development of non-standard, weak, drooping plants.

Transplant. Every spring eonium-pot in a pot bigger. Newly planted plants should be firmly push into the substrate. After the transplant, watering very careful – a little so as not to cause rotting of the roots. Useful to add to the soil pieces of birch coals. Good drainage is required.

Reproduction. Propagated eonium spring or summer sowing seed or leaf and stem cuttings.

Special requirements. Better use of terracotta, not plastic pots, as adults eoniumy develop powerful aerial parts and can tip over, place props for higher plants.

Pests and diseases. Eoniumy mealybugs may be affected, including the root and scale insects. These pests are not always able to see the plants with large rosettes of leaves.

And as eonium may be affected by aphids and weevils, if the plant is in the summer in the garden. Inspect the plant for the early detection of pests.

Species.

Eonium arborescent – Aeonium arboreum – the most common type. This little branching shrub up to 90 cm in height (in the wild). Stems are erect, brownish. Fleshy leaves up to 6-7 cm long collected in dense rosettes that reach 20 cm in diameter. Leaves glabrous, the edges fringed soft hairs. The leaves can be of various shapes, such as round or spatulate, obtuse or sharply pointed at the end. The leaves are green, while the garden forms the edge of the green with purple or dark purple. Blooms bright yellow flowers in umbellate inflorescences. Inflorescence about 40 cm in height. Flowers 10 (rarely 9-11) – term, light yellow. Homeland – South-western and northern Morocco. Introduced in the middle of the XVII century. in many Mediterranean countries, which are often found in the wild in the wild state. There is also growing in South Africa, Argentina, California. The gardens are also bred decorative shape with dark red leaves – A. arboreum «Atropurpureum». Widespread tree species eoniuma – Schwarzkopf – with maroon, almost black leaves.

Eonium tarelkovidny – Aeonium tabulaeforme. Perennial herb with a short stem bearing a dense rosette of leaves. The leaves are tightly as shingles, in a plane, such as plates, 6-16 cm long, 2.5-4 cm wide, light green, naked, with long white hairs on the edges. The number of leaves in rosette can reach 200. Inflorescence 30-60 cm long. The flowers are 7-9-term (typically 8 – term), light yellow. These amazing pictures are quite flat outlet, built of thick, like tile, finding each other leaves. The diameter of these “plates” can reach 30 cm and is always a great pity that in 2-3 years the outlet center starts to rise, stretch, branched inflorescence is formed – and the plant dies.

Homeland – Canary Islands (Tenerife), where the species grows on coastal rocks at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level.

Eonium Haworth – Aeonium haworthii Webb et Berth. Obilnovetvyaschiysya shrub 30-60 cm in height and width. Lateral branches appear immediately below the leaf rosette. Initially, they are thin, and later become solid, they develop aerial roots. The leaves are gray-green, 2.5-5.5 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, rather thick, with cilia and a red stripe on the edges, gathered in a loose socket. Inflorescence pendulous, 15-30 cm in height. The flowers are 7-9-membered, pale yellow with a pink tinge. Homeland – Canary Islands (Tenerife). Grown in dry hot slopes at an altitude of 60 to 900 m above sea level.

Eonium noble – Aeonium nobile Praeg. The stem is a single, straight-line, up to 40 cm tall, 4-5 cm in thickness. Leaves in loose outlet, very thick, 20-30 cm long, 15-20 cm wide, 10-12 mm thick, bare (young-sticky nezhnoopushennye the edges). Inflorescence powerful – up to 60 cm in diameter. Flowers 7-8-membered, dark red. In large inflorescence develops to 50,000 flowers. Homeland – Canary Islands (Palm Island). Grows to a height of 800 m above sea level on a hot, but wet rocks.

Eonium Virginia – Aeonium virgineum Webb et Berth. Stemless or short-stemmed plant that has evolved over the leafy rosettes, resulting in formation of large groups such as pillows. Velvetovoopushennye leaves, bright green at the base of the pale pink with a pleasant scent of balsam, collected a loose socket. Young leaves with wavy edges. Inflorescence in the wild reaches 1 m in height. Flowers 6-9-membered, lemon-yellow. Homeland – Canary Islands (Gran Canaria).

Eonium decorative – Aeonium decorum Webb. Obilnovetvyaschiysya loose shrub up to 50 cm in height (Fig. 29). Stems rough, with diamond-shaped leaf traces and with more or less densely distributed white solid processes (prominences) at the top of the young shoots. Leaves in loose outlet, green, smooth, shiny with a pinkish tinge, 2.5-3 cm long, 1 to 1.5 cm wide. Apical inflorescence. Stems 30-45 cm long, light pink. Flowers 6-8-membered, pinkish-white. Homeland – Canary Islands (La Gomera Island.) It grows on rocks at an altitude of 100-300 m above sea level. One of the most common species in the culture.

Eonium home – Aeonium X domesticum Praeg. Small obilnovetvyaschiysya dense shrub 15-30 cm tall. Branches diverging from the woody base, initially they were spreading, then bend near the top. The leaves are dark green, 2 cm long and 1 cm wide, covered with glandular hairs. Co-flowers 10-20 cm in length. Flowers 7-8-membered, yellow. Elegant low bushes e. home (A. domesticum) typically do not exceed 30 cm, but in small miniatures of succulent plants, they may well serve as the main high element. Thin leafless trunks below, above – branching and form a crown of soft short-haired rounded, tapering to the base of the leaves are grayish-green color. Birthplace is unknown. This is probably a garden hybrid. This form and its form “Variegates» («Variegata») with white spots on the leaves often grown in greenhouses.

Eonium Lindley – Aeonium lindleyi Webb et Berth. Obilnovetvyaschiysya shrub up to 30 cm tall, with brown, cracked along the bark. The leaves are very thick, 2.5 cm long, 5-6 mm thick, bright green, nezhnoopushennye glandular hairs. Apical inflorescence. Flowers 8-9-membered, yellow. Homeland – Canary Islands (Tenerife), where this species grows on the slopes of the red-hot rocks.

Advice. From May to August eonium fertilize once a month a special fertilizer for cacti and other succulents, with a high content of potassium.
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Haworthia


Description. Its name, this plant is named after English naturalist Adrian Hardy Haworth (1768 – 1833), for many years studied the flora and fauna of Latin America, not only a connoisseur of succulent plants and butterflies, the author of monographs on mezembriantenovyh. As Gaster, this genus previously belonged to the genus Aloe, in a separate genus was isolated in the early 19th century. Now there are about 160 species, not including various forms and subspecies. In the “Dictionary of succulents” G. Jacobsen only sections of this kind, there are 20.

Perennial, mostly stemless plants with succulent leaves arranged in a dense basal rosette, and sometimes leaves are two-row (N. truncata) or spiral on a small stalk. Surface of the leaves of many species of numerous rough greenish or white solid bumps, serrated edge, cilia or naked. The flowers are inconspicuous in all species, quite small, greenish-white or white-and-pink, slightly irregular shape, gathered in a loose cluster, which develops from the axils of the upper leaves. Perianth segments, to grow together in half, form a cylindrical tube, the edges of which are bent at the top. In the flower stands glands much nectar attracts bees pollinating.

Often the plant blooms in the room, but not too decorative flowers – a thin and very tall flower spike (in plant height of 5 cm it can reach a length of 50 cm).

Often due to the development of a large number of lateral shoots (children) form a dense cushion curtain. Certain species, such as H. maughanii, almost completely hidden in the soil, leaving only the upper flat surface of the sheet.

Homeland. They all grow in arid areas of South and South-West Africa, preferring shady and wet (under bushes, in the grass, with the rocks and ledges, etc.) places.

Sizes. Up to 20 cm

Location. Growing Haworthia easy. Location for them to choose a moderately sunny. Too hot rays of the sun are the plants negatively. Haworthias tolerate shade. In the summer the plant is recommended to move to fresh air.

Temperature. In the period of winter dormancy in plants contain a cool place at temperatures up to 10 ° C, and in the period of growth of about 16-230C.

Substrate. Soil, they require sandy turf: turf clay soil, ground sheet and sand in a ratio of 2:2:1. . Grow them better in shallow pots.

Humidity. Haworthias resistant to dry air, the spray does not need it, but in winter suffer if the room is too warm and dry air.

Watering. During the period of active growth Haworth need regular moderate watering. Between watering top of the substrate must be dry. In winter, reduce watering to a minimum and is held once every two weeks. In the spring and summer in the soil mix once every two weeks to make fertilizer for cacti.

Transplant. Transplanted in the spring: the young plants each year, adults 2-3 years, it is important to provide a good layer of drainage and bury the neck of the plant.

Reproduction. Multiply easily lateral offshoots, and some species and leaf cuttings, which are cut, dried for 3 days and then planted in loose soil or sand and watered no sooner than three or four weeks, when the image of the young roots.

Special requirements. Haworthias will do well on the east or west window, on the northern windows of the world may not be enough and the leaves begin to stretch and become loose socket. Haworthias summer watering so that the soil time to dry out, but on the pallet should not be water, otherwise you run the risk of the plant to fill, this will indicate the leaves, if you suddenly become lethargic and easy to tear.

Pests and diseases. May be damaged, beetle and mealybugs, aphids. Inspect the plant for the detection of these pests.

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Zhiryanka moranskaya


Description. Zhiryanka moranskaya plant got its name for the wet leaves as if smeared with grease and moranskaya comes from the name of a place Mina de Morán, where it was first discovered.

Today it is a state of Hidalgo in Mexico.

Zhiryanka moranskaya (Pinguicula moranensis) better than Velcro catches in the living rooms and conservatories gnats, whiteflies and other pesky insects.

Fleshy lobed leaves zhiryanki collected in the socket. The top side of the leaf are numerous glands of two types: those with a glistening beads of sticky mucus, are used to attract and catch insects, others by a special enzyme, digest caught prey. Small flying insects land on a damp, as if smeared with fat leaf surface and can not escape. Their fate is decided once and for all: the leaves zhiryanki “digest” of insects, sucking out nutrients. These plants grow well in sandy soils with moderate humidity, and from September bloom pale pink flowers. Of course, a single plant can not cope with all the pests. Therefore, in one pot is put some copies and post it on the window sill of other plants.

The life cycle of the culture zhiryanki moranskoy has two seasons: wet and dry. Accordingly, two different forms zhiryanka rosette depending on the season. During rest (winter months), a small rosette zhiryanki consists of numerous juicy, not carnivorous leaves. Carnivorous leaves grow in the spring and throughout the summer.

Homeland. Zhiryanka is from Mexico and Guatemala, where it was first discovered by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonplanom in 1800 during their expedition to South America. In nature zhiryanka meets, usually on the banks of streams, wetlands and marshy meadows of sphagnum moss. Today zhiryanku moranskuyu can be found in Mexico, 25 km from the city of San Cristobal de las Casas in the state of Oaxaca.

Sizes. Leaf blades summer outlet zhiryanki moranskoy smooth, succulent, their color varies from yellow-green to maroon, teardrop or round shape, 5,5-13 cm long, with petiole 1-3.5 cm long. They are densely covered with glands that secrete a sticky liquid that serves to catch insects, and digestive glands. Winter outlet diameter 2-3 (5) cm, without glands, consists of 60-100 leaves 10-30 mm long and 3-8 mm wide, covered with hairs.

During the period of flowering, one plant produces from 1 to 7 single flowers. Pedicels long, 10-25 cm long, erect, green or greenish-brown, covered with glandular hairs. Themselves flowers 30-50 mm in length, are composed of five petals, the color of which varies greatly – from pink to lilac or white.

Location. Siting zhiryanku best in well-ventilated rooms with bright ambient light, from the bright rays of the midday sun should pritenyat.

Temperature. During growth, the day temperature is around 25 ° C, but can reach 35 ° C. Night temperature of 20 ° C. During the rest day / night – around 0 ° C.

Transplant. As needed.

Substrate. As a substrate for zhiryanki moranskoy best to use 100% mineral medium: 2 parts perlite. 2 part vermiculite and 1 part river sand, 2 of small clay pellets or gravel for the aquarium. In this substrate zhiryanka grows slower, but has a well-developed root system

Watering. Watered zhiryanku moranskuyu from May to September, when the plant is in active growth, allowing the substrate to dry out between waterings. Watering produce in a pan, not to wet outlet. Specified number of months are indicative and may vary depending on the growth of plants.

Humidity. From October to April, when zhiryanka is dormant, watering is stopped, but the humidity is maintained at about 80%.

Reproduction. Propagated by leaf cuttings zhiryanku to bury in wet sand at a depth of 5 mm and covered with foil until the roots.

The paradox of all carnivorous plants is that they depend on insects as a food source, as well as natural pollinators. So getting the seeds in zhiryanki even in natural conditions, the process is quite complicated, it is easier to propagate leaf cuttings.

Pests and diseases. Natural pest zhiryanka not. However, the plant is very efficient to cope with aphids, fungus gnats and whiteflies and for the amateur grower is a true friend. From excessive waterlogging outlet can rotted.
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Reproduction valotty seeds and bulbs.


Valottu, as well as most house plants can be propagated in the home. Raznozhayut valottu seed, baby, onions and cutting maternal bulbs and scales.

Reproduction valotty seeds.

When seed reproduction valotty plants bloom only in the third year, with breeding daughter bulbs – for the second. Seeds can be fastened even under artificial pollination. They fully mature in five months, after which the capsule is broken, and the seeds get enough sleep. Ripe seeds valotty flat black. Of them can grow a full plant.

Seeds are sown valotty soon after harvest, in October and November, and sometimes in January. Seeds are spread on a 4×5 cm distance Substrate seeding recommended the following composition: turf – 1h., Peat – 2 hrs, sheet – 1h., Sand – 1 h at 16-18 ° shoots appear in about 3 weeks. The first pick, seedlings valotty begin in May, that is 6 months after emergence. The seedlings are planted, covering the neck of young bulbs.

Valotte need wintering at 16 °, bright location.

In the second year, in the spring, the young plants are planted in the ground at a distance of greenhouse 10×15 cm, can be planted in the ground and in pots rack (with a small number of bulbs). In September, the young plants dug from the greenhouse and planted in 9-10-cm pots. Valotte substrate prepared following: turf – 1 hour, or leaf humus – 1 hour, sand – 1h. Winter valottu left at a temperature of 16 °. When planting bulbs cervix should protrude above the surface of the soil. For the third year in May valottu in pot set in a greenhouse at a distance of 15×20 cm, ie, do not provide a period of rest, but since the end of June, reduce watering, continuing intensively ventilated. If you meet all the conditions, the valotta bloom from June to October.

Reproduction valotty bulbs.

Wallot can multiply and chive-babies that bloom on a 3-year 4. Babes in valotty formed inside the “shirt.” First, they are very small and almost imperceptible, but gradually increase in size. Reaching a diameter of about 1 cm, separated themselves from the mother plant. After a few weeks they develop roots, and after some time the first leaf sprouts. Valottovye babies grow very slowly and rather capricious and wrong care often do not survive.

Besides offices affiliated bulbs used razrezyvanie parent bulb into 2-4 parts and reproduction scales, and for the education of young bulbs requires a temperature of at least 20 °. Further care for them as for the seedlings. From the third year of culture winter mother bulbs stored at 5-8 °.

And finally, a couple of tips.

Keep the plants in the dormant period is not completely dropped leaves. Maternal onion valotty forms many kids, so the timely separation last necessary to prevent its depletion, kids use for breeding.

If you keep on the windowsill just one clove valotty, special decoration of it do not wait. Valotta looks much better in group plantings, plant valottu for 2-4 pieces and then they fired several arrows with 4-7 large flowers.

Valotta – vysokodekorativnoe plant. Valottoy decorate homes and offices.